Evaluation of Single-Field Electron Beams for Postmastectomy Radiotherapy


  • H. Omer College of Medicine, University of Dammam, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • O.Nasir Department of Medical Laboratory, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences Tai'f University the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • A. Suleiman College of Applied Medical Sciences, Prince Salman Bin Abdul Aziz University, Kharj the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia




Electron irradiation, chest wall, postmastectomy, radiotherapy, Monte Carlo, EGSnrc, DICOM, CT-scans, XSTING, dose-volume histograms


 Introduction:electron beams have been extensively used in postmastectomy radiotherapy due to its homogenous dose at the surface followed by sharp fall-off sparing the underlying tissue. Multiple electron fields or electron photon mix were the techniques commonly used. An old study reported the successful use of single-field electron beams with beam energy of 20 MeV. Yet the potential risks of the organs at risk were not clearly shown.

Objectives:the objectives of this study were to assess the possibility of applying single-field electron beams in postmastectomy radiotherapy in terms of: the dose distribution in the target, the volume of organs that receive a certain threshold dose and the volume of organs that receive low doses of radiation.

Materials and Methods: the Monte Carlo codes of EGSnrc were used to simulate electron beams of different energies and gantry angles. The resulting dose files were used by XSTING to generate dose volume histograms, which were used for evaluation.

Results and Discussions: the target coverage was quite poor in most of the studied scenarios. Improving the target coverage was at the expense of irradiating the lung and heart with unacceptable dose values.

Conclusion and Recommendations: Single field electron beams cannot be used for postmastectomy radiotherapy. Multiple electron fields or photon electron mix are necessary and need to be assessed.



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How to Cite

H. Omer, O.Nasir, & A. Suleiman. (2012). Evaluation of Single-Field Electron Beams for Postmastectomy Radiotherapy . Journal of Analytical Oncology, 1(2),  175–180. https://doi.org/10.6000/1927-7229.2012.01.02.7