Breaching Barriers in Glioblastoma Targeted Drug Delivery

Authors

  • Gerardo Caruso Unit of Neurosurgery, Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional Imaging, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
  • Aristide Nanni Unit of Neurosurgery, Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional Imaging, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
  • Kumar Rajiv NIET, National Institute of Medical Science, New Delhi 110007, India and University of Delhi, New Delhi 110007, India
  • Tamara Ius Unit of Neurosurgery, Head-Neck and Neuroscience Department, University Hospital of Udine, Italy
  • Maria Caffo Unit of Neurosurgery, Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional Imaging, University of Messina, Messina, Italy

Keywords:

Blood-Brain Barrier, Brain Tumors, Drug Delivery, Glioblastoma, Nanoparticles, Nanotechnologies, Target Therapy

Abstract

Tailored nanocarriers have gained huge research focus for brain drug delivery, aimed at combating several neuro-oncological conditions, such as the glioblastoma. The progress of knowledge on the pathogenesis of glioblastoma has allowed identifying the major hurdles for efficient treatment, encompassing biological interfaces (blood-brain barrier and blood-brain tumor barrier), specificities of tumor microenvironment, as well as both bulk and glioma stem cell subpopulations. These findings provided new insights into the molecular basis of glioblastoma, being a strong driving force behind development of targeted nanomedicines in this area. Diversified nanoparticles have been designed to target glioblastoma surface markers, overexpressed receptors, aberrant genes and signaling pathways, in addition to contemplating barriers targeting strategies. Nanotechnologies claim important and unique features, including the versatility in promoting both passive and active drug targeting, making them excellent candidates for brain drug delivery and one of the most appealing to overcome the obstacles of the current glioblastoma treatment. In this short review, we will report the mechanisms of overcoming the blood-brain barrier as well as various studies relating to the applications of nanotechnologies as drug delivery carriers in glioblastoma treatment.

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Published

2023-12-22

How to Cite

Caruso, G., Nanni, A., Rajiv, K., Ius, T., & Caffo, M. (2023). Breaching Barriers in Glioblastoma Targeted Drug Delivery. Journal of Analytical Oncology, 12, 84–94. Retrieved from https://www.neoplasiaresearch.com/pms/index.php/jao/article/view/742

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