Radiodynamic Therapy with Chlorine-Based Photosensitizer on Pliss Lymphosarcoma Solid Tumor: In Vivo Experiment


  • D.A. Tzerkovsky Laboratory of Photodynamic Therapy and Hyperthermia with Chemotherapy Group, N.N. Alexandrov National Cancer Center of Belarus, Lesnoy, Republic of Belarus
  • A.N. Mazurenko Department of Centralized Dilution of Cytostatics, N.N. Alexandrov National Cancer Center of Belarus, Lesnoy, Republic of Belarus
  • D.I. Kozlovsky Radiation Therapy Engineering Department, N.N. Alexandrov National Cancer Center of Belarus, Lesnoy, Republic of Belarus
  • F.F. Borychevsky Neurosurgical Department, Minsk Regional Clinical Hospital, Lesnoy, Republic of Belarus



Chlorine-based photosensitizer, radiation therapy, radiodynamic therapy, laboratory animals, Pliss lymphosarcoma


The aim of this study was to investigate the antitumor efficacy of radiodynamic therapy (RDT) with a chlorin-based photosensitizer (PS) in an in vivo experiment.

Material and Methods: The study was performed in 35 white outbred rats weighing 180±30 g. Subcutaneously transplanted Pliss lymphosarcoma (PLS) was used as tumor model. Chlorin-based PS «Photolon» (RUE «Belmedpreparaty», Republic Belarus) was injected intravenously at a dose of 2.5 mg/kg. The radiation therapy sessions (RT) were carried out once 2.5–3 hours after the administration of the PS by the contact method on the device «microSelectron-HDR V3 Digital» (Elekta, Sweden) using γ-radiation (192Ir) in single focal doses (SFD) 2, 4 and 6 Gy. All laboratory animals were subdivided into 7 groups of 5 animals each: intact control, RT 2 Gy, RT 4 Gy, RT 6 Gy, PS + RT 2 Gy, PS + RT 4 Gy and PS + RT 6 Gy. The antitumor effectiveness of exposure was evaluated according to the indicators characterizing the dynamics of volume changes: Vav. (cm3), the coefficient of absolute tumor growth (K, units) and the coefficient of tumor growth inhibition (TGI, %). The frequency of complete regressions (СR) was estimated 60 days after the performed exposures. In each group, the share of animals (%) with no visual and palpatory signs of tumor growth was evaluated. The differences were considered statistically significant at the significance level of p<0.05.

Results: On the 16th day from the beginning of the experiment Vav. in groups were 39.07±4.19; 23.06±3.25 (р=0.012); 35.04±2.35 (р=0.419); 25.83±3.06 (р=0.027); 28.36±3.45 (0.074); 25.47±1.88 (р=0.013) and 16.56±3.64 cm3 (р=0,002), respectively. The K coefficients in the experimental groups were 1219.94; 657.86; 1296.78; 716.50; 833.12; 669.26 and 590.43 units, respectively. The TGI coefficients in the experimental groups were 40.98%; 10.31%; 33.89%; 27.41%; 34.81% and 57.61%, respectively. The frequency of complete tumor regressions 60 days after the start of the experiment was 0%, 20%, 0%, 0%, 0%, 0% and 40%, respectively.

Conclusion: RDT is a recent extension of conventional photodynamic therapy, in which visible/near infrared light irradiation is replaced by a well-tolerated dose of X-rays. Systemic administration of chlorin-based PS before the RT session increases the antitumor efficacy of RT in animals with PLS transplantable tumors. The data obtained indicate that further studies of the radiosensitizing properties of PS are promising.


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How to Cite

Tzerkovsky, D., Mazurenko, A., Kozlovsky, D., & Borychevsky, F. (2022). Radiodynamic Therapy with Chlorine-Based Photosensitizer on Pliss Lymphosarcoma Solid Tumor: In Vivo Experiment. Journal of Analytical Oncology, 11, 33–39.