Challenges of Cholangiocarcinoma Detection in Patients with Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis


  • James H. Tabibian Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St. SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
  • Keith D. Lindor Executive Vice Provost, Health Solutions, Arizona State University, P.O. Box 877805, Tempe, AZ 85287-7805, USA



Neoplasm, bile duct neoplasms, bile duct diseases, biological tumor marker, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasonography, cytological techniques, fluorescence in situ hybridization, early detection of cancer, mass screening, imaging, cholangiography


 Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a chronic, cholestatic, idiopathic liver disease characterized by fibro-obliterative inflammation of the hepatic bile ducts. In a clinically significant proportion of patients, PSC progresses to cirrhosis, end-stage liver disease, and in some cases, cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). The development of CCA in PSC is unpredictable, its surveillance and diagnosis complex, and its treatment options limited unless detected early. Herein we provide a focused review of the current literature regarding CCA surveillance in patients with PSC and discuss the diagnostic and management challenges that exist. Where evidence is limited, we present our perspective and approach as well as directions for future research.


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How to Cite

James H. Tabibian, & Keith D. Lindor. (2012). Challenges of Cholangiocarcinoma Detection in Patients with Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis . Journal of Analytical Oncology, 1(1), 50–55.